Have a pleasant walk and discover with us the most emblematic buildings of Roman Tarraco, which, in the year 2000, deserved the distinction of being included in the World Heritage List by the UNESCO. The visit of those monuments provides a better understanding of the Roman society, as well as the relationship that was established between them.
The visit includes:
- Official guide
- Scale model of Roman Tarraco
The number of the monuments included in this tour will make necessary a previous choice of some of them according to your interests and availability.
Scale model of Roman Tarraco: (included)
It allows a presentation of urbanism, topography and the main architectural monuments of Roman Tarraco in the 2nd century AD, through a 21 square metres scale model that allows one to visualize the three monumental terraces in which the public zone of the Tarraconensis capital was divided.
Roman Walls/Archaeological Promenade: (optional)
It is an interesting gardened walk along the Roman Wall, from which a stretch of 1.5 kilometres is preserved, with an average high of 12 metres and about 4-6 metres in width. The Wall of Tarragona is the most ancient Roman monument in the Iberian Peninsula. The route presents, besides the defensive wall, three towers and several gates entering the city.
Provincial Forum: (included)
According to its status as city capital of the Hispania Citerior province, Tarraco had a Provincial Forum, where the political, legal and religious life of the province developed. It is one of the biggest Fora of the Roman Empire, close to the 8 hectares. It is divided in two terraces, the higher is devoted to the imperial cult and the lower works as a big square of representation. One of the walls closing the Forum is preserved in one corner of the square, from which is easy to understand its majesty.
National Archaeological Museum (MNAT): (optional)
The visit of the Museum starts with an audiovisual presentation about the visit of the emperor Hadrian to Tarraco (according to availability). Next, it is possible to visit a selection of the most interesting rooms in the Museum: the Mosaic Room, with samples of different supports and techniques, and the Objects Room, which allows one to know the daily objects of Roman society.
The Praetorium Tower provided one of the main entrances to the Provincial Forum from the Circus. It was refurbished in the course of the Middle Ages to host the Catalan count-kings in their visits to the city. From the inside, it is possible to enter the Roman Circus, where the chariot-races took place in front of an audience of 30000. The Circus preserves a constructive vault, more than 90 metres long, which was used to support the stands, as well as an important part of the stands from which it is possible to admire the extraordinary size of the building.
The Amphitheatre was the last public monument being built in Tarraco in the 2nd century AD that, because of the lack of intramural space, was built beyond the walls, close to the sea. The building was used for the fights of gladiators and wild beasts, the reconstruction of battles and public executions, with a capacity for 12000 people. It is possible to enter the stands, as well as to go down to the arena, place where two medieval churches were built in commemoration of the martyrdom of the bishop Fructuosus in 259.
Forum of the Colony: (optional)
Inside the residential city, it was raised the Forum of the Colony, proper hearth of the political life, commercial and administrative centre of Roman Tarraco. From the many buildings and structures that belonged to the Forum at the beginning, we preserve part of the basilica and its impressive Corinthian columns, the statues square, some tabernae, some tanks for oil and wine, and part of a paving street.
According to the lay and praxis about burial practices, the main cemeteries of the Roman cities were located outside the walls. The lands next to the Francolí river, the Roman Tulcis, hosted one of the most important necropolis of inhumation in the city. The necropolis will become one of the most active of the Roman world after the burial of the remains of the local martyrs Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius. Even if it is closed to the public, it is possible to visit the exhibition “The world of the death”, where it is possible to see very interesting materials about the old archaeological excavations, as well as magnificent objects recovered in them, such as sarcophagi, mosaic laudae or the ivory doll coming from the burial of a child belonging to the 3rd-4th century.